COMPARISON OF ORDINARY KRIGING (OK) AND INVERSE DISTANCE WEIGHTING (IDW) METHODS FOR THE ESTIMATION OF A MODIFIED PALAEOPLACER GOLD DEPOSIT: A CASE STUDY OF THE TEBEREBIE GOLD DEPOSIT, SW GHANA
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Casmed Charles Amadu, Sampson Owusu, Gordon Foli, Blestmond A. Brako, Samuel K. Abanyie
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The study described in this paper involves the application of a conventional resource estimation method, inverse distance weighting (IDW), and univariate geostatistical technique, ordinary kriging (OK) to the gold grades data from the modified palaeoplacer Teberebie gold deposit, in Ghana. The deposit consists of 4 layered well-defined orebodies referred to as A reef, CDE reef, F24 reef and G reef at the mine environment. Simple, reliable, and adequately accurate resource/reserve estimation are essential to mining operations. Data used for the research were collected by diamond and reverse circulation (RC) drilling. A total of 19353 one-meter composite samples, consisting of 18962 RC chip samples from 695 RC drill holes, and 391 diamond drill core samples from 11 DD holes. Samples were analysed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) for gold (Au). Descriptive statistical treatment was conducted on grade values for the reefs. To analyse for spatial structure of Au mineralisation, experimental downhole, and several horizontal directional semi-variograms were computed, and models fitted. Ore reserves were estimated by OK and IDW methods, and results of the various reefs compared. Regression analysis of estimated results indicate that, the inverse distance square (ID2) model produced estimates that compared well with the OK model in all the ore zones. It is therefore, appropriate to use ID2 as an alternative estimation method to the OK method for purposes of mine planning and grade control.