Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)

CLIMATOLOGY IN BARISHAL, BANGLADESH: A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF TEMPERATURE, RAINFALL, WIND SPEED AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY DATA

mjg.01.2020.43.53

ABSTRACT

CLIMATOLOGY IN BARISHAL, BANGLADESH: A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF TEMPERATURE, RAINFALL, WIND SPEED AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY DATA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Md Abdullah Salman and Faisal Ahmed

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.01.2020.43.53

The Climatological data (temperature, rainfall, wind speed & relative humidity) recorded at Barishal divisional meteorological station and Bangladesh Meteorological Departments over the period of 1961-2019 is used for an assessment of climatological aspects, climate change and the variability of Barishal in Bangladesh. The trend of variant of yearly average maximum and minimum temperature has been found to be increasing at a rate of 0.0055 ºC & 0.0087 ºC/year. Analysis of rainfall data observed that for majority of stations, the total rainfall showed decreasing trend for pre-monsoon, monsoon and winter seasons, while little increasing trend was observed for the post-monsoon. Calculated annual total rainfall in Barishal was showed declining at the rate of -0.18488 mm/year and annual average wind speed was increasing by 0.001783 m/s per year. Likewise, yearly average relative humidity observed to be abrupt rising at a rate of 0.342975 per year with average of 70.855 at 2 meters.
Pages 43-53
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.90.95

ABSTRACT

HYDROLOGIC ASSESSMENT OF FOOD USING SWAT AS GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES IN THE CATCHMENT AREA OF TERENGGANU MALAYSIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Ibrahim Sufiyan, Magaji J.I, A.T. Ogah

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.90.95

Risks and hazards are two important issues currently threatening humanity and the environment. Flood has claimed many lives and destroyed properties in Malaysia and Africa and Nigeria. It is global catastrophe. The application of geospatial science is, therefore, very important advantages that it offers solutions to flood. This stud uses of Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Digital Elevation Model (ASTER-DEM), and the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) in visualizing floods disaster risk. The whole catchment area of Terengganu has been delineated. The 25 sub-basins have been identified and the flood risk zones have been modeled. The complete watersheds are characterized by different sub-basins and Hydrologic Respond Units (HRUs) which can be viewed in 3D environment.
Pages 90-95
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.01.2020.38.42

ABSTRACT

SEISMO – IONOSPHERIC INDUCED PERTURBATIONS PRIOR TO THE SEPTEMBER 28, 2007 M7.5 NORTHERN MARIANA U.S.A. GEOQUAKE FROM GPS, TEC AND DEMETER DATA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Jewel E. Thomas

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.01.2020.38.42

Data from DEMETER (IAP and ISL sensors) and GPS (TEC), were used to decipher variations of electron density, electron temperature and ion density within the seismogenic zone of a seismic event that occurred on September 28, 2007 at Northern Mariana U.S.A, through statistical analysis. The study revealed both pre and post ionospheric perturbations from both sets of data. The observed anomalous variations were screened for false alarm using the geomagnetic indices of kp and Dst. It was observed that the abnormal TEC on -10, – 7, -3 and -2 days occurred under quiet geomagnetic conditions while all pre-seismic (-15, -10, – 9 -7 days) ionospheric variations from the DEMETER data were also obtained during quiet geomagnetic conditions suggesting them to be seismo-ionospheric induced perturbations. Interestingly, the perturbations on -10 and -7 days were simultaneously observed from both GPS and DEMETER datasets under quiet geomagnetic ionospheric conditions offering a strong pointer to the impending geo-quake.
Pages 38-42
Year 2020
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjg.01.2020.32.37

ABSTRACT

GEOELECTRICAL INVESTIGATION OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY THROUGH ESTIMATES OF TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY IN PARTS OF AKWA IBOM STATE, SOUTHERN NIGERIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Akpan Emmanuel F., Akpan Veronica M., Inyang Udeme U.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.01.2020.32.37

This paper presents the results of a geophysical investigation of groundwater quality in parts of Akwa Ibom State, Southern Nigeria. A total of 11 vertical electrical soundings (VES) was carried out in the study area using the Schlumberger electrode configuration. The results of the interpretation show that the area comprises 4 geoelectric layers. The third layer constitutes the major economic hydrogeological unit in the area and has resistivity of between 50.3 Ωm and 2088.9 Ωm and thickness of between 36.8 m and 149.0m respectively. The groundwater quality was assessed through estimates of the electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids in water. The conductivity ranges from 74.5 to 604.4µS/cm with an average value of 244.0µS/cm while the TDS values range from 47.7 to 386.8 ppm with an average value of 156.1 ppm. Based on these values, which are within the permissible limits, the water is considered to be fresh and suitable for drinking and other domestic/agricultural usages. The results show excellent correlation between the estimated TDS and the Dar-zarrouk parameters (longitudinal conductance and transverse resistance) on one hand and the aquifer bulk resistivity on the hand which demonstrate the ease of deriving TDS from surface resistivity data.
Pages 32-37
Year 2019
Issue 1
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.86-89

ABSTRACT

GEOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION TO ESTIMATE THE CURIE POINT DEPTH, HEAT FLOW AND GEOTHERMAL GRADIENT IN SOKO AND ANKPA, BENUE TROUGH NIGERIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: J. A. Yakubu, J. C. Agbedo, N.M. Ossai

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.86.89

This work presents the interpretation of the aeromagnetic data over Soko and Ankpa area using spectral analysis method. The study area was divided into eight (8) equal spectral blocks in order to estimate the depth to the top boundary, centroid, Curie point depth, heat flow and geothermal gradient of the study area. The result of the analysis shows the range of the depths to the top boundary and centroid varies between 1.085 to 1.984 km and 6.151 to 8.730 km respectively. The Curie temperature isotherm ranges between 11.112 km and 15.476 km and the geothermal gradients associated with it ranges from 39.967 and 52.196 0 𝐶⁄𝑘𝑚. The corresponding values of heat flow ranges from 93.697 𝑚𝑊𝑚􀀀 and 130. 49􀀁 𝑚𝑊𝑚􀀀. From this analysis, it was observed that areas with high geothermal gradient correspond to high heat flow and an inverse relationship exists between the heat flow and the Curie point depth. With the high geothermal gradient especially at the southeastern part of the study area, there is a possibility of enough geothermal energy for exploration in order to boost and generate clean energy for electricity.
Pages 86-89
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.79.85

ABSTRACT

PETROPHYSICAL EVALUATION OF RESERVOIRS FOR HYDROCARBON RESERVE ESTIMATION IN EASTERN CENTRAL SWAMP DEPOBELT, NIGER DELTA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Omigie J.I., Alaminiokuma G.I.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.79.85

Petrophysical properties were evaluated in five wells in eastern Central Swamp Depobelt, Niger Delta using well logs. Analyses by Kingdom Suite software reveal that reservoirs’ thicknesses ranged between 24.5ft in SNG in Afam 16 to 200.5ft in SNB in Obeakpu 005. Volume of shale varies within and across all the wells with values <30% of the total thicknesses. Relative permeability to water (Krw) ranges from 0.00 to >1.00 across the wells. Reservoirs SNE and SNF in Afam 16 have average Krw of 0.00 implying 100% water-free hydrocarbon production. SNC reservoir in Afam 15 and Afam 16 has average Krw >1 implying 100% water production. The relative permeability to oil (Kro) is very high in reservoirs with high hydrocarbon saturation. SNH in Korokoro 006 has average hydrocarbon saturation of 85.70% and Kro of 0.89. SNB in Obeakpu 005 has average absolute permeability of 62,086.9mD. Reservoirs SNB, SNC and SND contain no producible hydrocarbon in Afam 15 but contain producible hydrocarbon in Afam 16, Korokoro 003 and Obeakpu 005 wells. Reservoirs SNE, SNF, SNG and SNH in Afam 15, Afam 16, Korokoro 003 and Korokoro 006 contain producible hydrocarbon with the exception of SNF in Korokoro 003. Afam 15 and Afam 16 are mainly gas-producing with estimated gas-in-place ranging from 72,630.27cu.ft/acre in SNB in Afam 15 to 1,534,667.86cu.ft/acre in SNH in Afam 16 while Korokoro 003, Korokoro 006 and Obeakpu 005 are mainly oil-producing with estimated oil-in-place ranging from 47,590.26bbl/acre in SNB in Korokoro 003 and 387,754.83bbl/acre in SNB in Obeakpu 005.
Pages 79-85
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.70.78

ABSTRACT

ASSESSMENT OF SOIL EROSION BY RUSLE MODEL USING GIS: A CASE STUDY OF CHEMORAH BASIN, ALGERIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Khanchoul K., Balla F., and Othmani O.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.70.78

Soil erosion by water is one of the major sources of land degradation. Erosion contributes to the temporary or permanent lowering of the productive capacity of agricultural land and sedimentation of dams. The purpose of this study is to assess soil loss rate using a GIS/RUSLE approach at the Chemorah basin by focusing on two catchments, namely, Reboa and Soultez. The assessment of soil erosion aims thus to identify the lands more prone to erosion which are vital for erosion management process. RUSLE model supported by GIS software is to predict the spatial variability of erosion occurring in the Chemorah basin and its sub-basins. Five inputs such as rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope and length of slope, plant cover and anti-erosion practices, are used in the model to compute the erosion loss rates. The mean annual soil loss in Chemorah river basin is estimated at 7.52 T/ha/year, and varying between 3.78 T/ha/year in Soultez catchment and 6.06 T/ha/year in Reboa sub-basin. The study shows that low erosion (≤ 7 T/ha/year) covers 52% and high to very high erosion (> 7 T/ha/year) which does not exceed 23% of the Chemorah basin area. The results indicate that Reboa catchment faces the greatest risk of soil erosion compared to Soultez one, with contributions of 44 % and 32 % of their basin areas respectively. Use of the erosion factors’ information coupled with GIS/RUSLE program can help to design the appropriate land management to minimize soil erosion in the basin.
Pages 70-78
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.65.69

ABSTRACT

HYDROGEOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION FOR GROUNDWATER RESOURCE POTENTIAL IN MASAGAMU, MAGAMA AREA, FRACTURED BASEMENT COMPLEX, NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Chaanda M.S. Alaminiokuma G.I.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.65.69

Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) was conducted in Salbi farm in the fractured Basement Complex, North- Central Nigeria to determine the groundwater resource potential to serve for agricultural purposes. Four VES stations using Schlumberger electrode configuration with a maximum current electrode spread of 300m were employed for data acquisition. ZHODY software was employed in computing resistivities, depths and thicknesses of the various layers and curve types. Results indicate that the area is characterized by 3 distinct geoelectric layers inferred differently at the VES locations. One potential groundwater aquifer zone was delineated at VES 1, 2, and 4 within the fractured/weathered basement columns having depths ranging between 48.8 – 59.60m and resistivities ranging between 213 – 513 Ωm. These results suggest that boreholes for sustainable groundwater supply in Salbi farm should be sited either at VES 1, 2 or 4 location and screened at a depth ≥60.0m. Wells to develop this resource should be drilled to an effective depth of 40 to 60 m for optimum yields. It is recommended that pumping test be done in order to further determine the aquifer efficiency and productivity in the area. However, the aquifers at these locations have potentials for groundwater but may be vulnerable to contamination.
Pages 65-69
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.59.64

ABSTRACT

MOBILITY AND REDISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR ELEMENTS IN WEATHERED PROFILE DEVELOPED ON PEGMATITE AT KITIBI-IWOYE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Jimoh, M.T., Bolarinwa, A.T, T. O. Kolawole

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.59.64

Geochemical studies of weathering profiles around Kitibi-Iwoye revealed redistribution of elements from parental pegmatite to the regolith. Geological mapping showed that the pegmatite intrudes diorite and migmatite gneiss. Weathered samples from B-horizon were air-dried, pulverised and analysed using X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) in the Department of Geological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA), Weathering Index of Parker (WIP), Mass balance calculation and Al2O3 – CaO+Na2O – K2O (A–CN–K) ternary plot were employed to determine elemental mobility and distribution caused by weathering. SiO₂ (74.2 and 43.4 wt %), CaO (0.43 and 0.03 wt. %), Na2O (7.14 and 0.04 wt. %), K2O (1.90 and 0.67 wt. %), MnO (0.11 and 0.03 wt. %) and P2O5 (0.20 and 0.05wt. %) displayed depletion from parent rock to the regolith respectively. But Al₂O₃ (15.5 wt. % and 33.5 wt. %), Fe2O3 (0.39 and 3.40 wt. %), TiO2 (0.04 and 0.35 wt. %) and MgO (0.08 and 0.11 wt. %) showed enrichment from parent rock to the regolith respectively. Fe₂O₃ (3.19) is the most enriched whereas Na2O (-99.8), CaO (-98.9), P2O5 (-95.3), K2O (-89.5), SiO2 (-81.9), MgO (-73.1), MnO (-64.5) and Al2O3 (-23.6) are progressively depleted. Mean CIA value of 97.8 revealed that weathering has almost reached its completion whereas CIA of 62.1 for the pegmatite suggested that the parent rock is at incipient stage of weathering. Pegmatite had a WIP of 110.5 whereas the weathered samples with WIP ranging from 2.66, 3.88, 6.03, 6.23, 6.92, 8.08, 9.08, 9.76 and 14.6 respectively showed decreasing trend of weathering. This study confirmed contrasting behaviour of CIA and WIP. A-CN-K diagram suggested strongly weathered samples plotted at the apex of Al2O3 field whereas pegmatite plots along the A-CN line.
Pages 59-64
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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mjg.02.2020.54.58

ABSTRACT

THE EFFECT OF DENSITY-VELOCITY RELATION PARAMETERS ON DENSITY CURVES IN TAU (τ) FIELD, NIGER DELTA BASIN

Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Atat, J. G., Akankpo, A. O., Umoren, E. B., Horsfall, O. I., Ekpo, S. S

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/mjg.02.2020.54.58

We considered the constants obtained for tau (𝜏)Field in the Niger Delta basin from well-log data of three wells (A,B,C) to investigate the effect of inclusion of these constants on density-velocity relation using Hampson Russell Software to generate density curve in tau field. The curves were compared to those generated from Gardner and Lindseth constants and in-situ density curves. Many researchers have worked on constants for density-velocity equations for different Fields; their results always differ from Gardner and Lindseth constants including the constants of Atat et al., 2020 which are considered in this investigation as Tau Field local fit constants. Our findings support the results of these researchers. Results indicate over estimation of density curves when using Gardner and Lindseth constants. The challenge is that in-situ density curves are not accurate due to sand-shale overlap of density values. The most improved and accurate result is given by the density curves obtained using the constants for specific sand and shale lithologies (local fits). This verifies the need for the determination of constants for local fit of the oil field under investigation. The pink curves truly indicate the density estimation for the tau field which is very reliable in the characterisation of reservoir.
Pages 54-58
Year 2020
Issue 2
Volume 4

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