ENGINEERING GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION ON KARAMBUNAI-LOK BUNUQ LANDSLIDES, KOTA KINABALU, SABAH
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Md. Rodeano Roslee
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
This paper describes landslide occurrences in debris materials, together with its engineering geological and geotechnical setting. The predictions from conventional geotechnical slope stability analyses, taking into account topography, hydrological, geotechnical and engineering geological effects, are compared with the observed pattern of instability. Physical and mechanical properties of eight (8) soil samples indicated that the failure materials mainly consist of poorly graded materials of sandy clay soils and characterized by low to intermediate plasticity, containing of normal clay (0.42 to 0.95), very high degree of swelling (5.63 to 10.35), variable low to high water content (11.95 % to 19.92 %), specific gravity ranges from 2.60 to 2.68, low permeability (6.68 X 10-4 to 1.52 X 10-4 cm/s), friction angle () ranges from 18.50˚ to 34.20˚ and cohesion (C) ranges from 3.36 kN/m2 to 19.50 kN/m2 with very soft to soft of undrained shear strength (9.47 kN/m2 to 32.30 kN/m2). Geotechnical limit equilibrium stability analyses of entire slopes are rarely able to predict the smaller-scale initiation events leading to landslide occurrences, because the se are controlled by local topography, water runoff and groundwater conditions, weathered materials and engineering geological setting. Slope stability analysis shows that the factor of safety value is ranges from 0.805 to 0.817 (unstable). It is concluded that the failures was debris flow and resulted from a combination of factors. Engineering geological evaluation should be prioritized and take into consideration in the initial step in all infrastructure program. Development planning has to consider the geohazard and geoenvironmental management program. This engineering geological study may play a vital role in slope stability assessment to ensure public safety.