AQUIFER SYSTEMS CHARACTERIZATION FOR GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT IN ILE-OLUJI, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA, USING MCDA GIS-BASED AHP
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: O.O. Falowo, Y. Akindureni, O.C. Babalola
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Multicriteria decision analysis for groundwater potential mapping utilizing analytical hierarchical process of six hydrogeologic parameters including aquifer layer thickness, aquifer layer resistivity, overburden thickness, transverse resistance, transmissivity, and coefficient of anisotropy; in relation to groundwater yield was carried out in Ile Oluji, Southwestern Nigeria. The aim was to develop groundwater potential map using calculated groundwater potential index values (GWPIV). The obtained GWPIV which ranged from 1.53 (granite) – 3.50 (migmatite) with an average of 2.18 suggestive of moderate groundwater potential (90 % of the study area). The low potential zone (10 %) are observed sporadically in the central and northwestern parts. All the geological units recorded overlapping hydrogeologic properties. The longitudinal unit conductance recorded regional average of 0.219876 mhos. Therefore the protective capacity of groundwater system in the study area is weak, and relatively less-weaker in granite environment; and in northwestern and central parts. Nevertheless, the water table aquifer (accounts for 80%) and the fracture basement (constitutes 20%, frequently occurring in gneissic environment) are the water bearing units, with average overburden thickness in migmatite, granite, and gneiss 24.3 m, 24.5 m, and 27.9 m respectively. The average coefficient of anisotropy (1.12); hydraulic conductivity (0.37 m/d), transmissivity 6.86 m2/d (migmatite: 7.17 m2/d, granite: 7.14 m2/d, and gneiss: 6.02 m2/d). Hence gneissic offered both thick weathered layer and fractured aquifer. Empirical model for plot of formation factor and hydraulic conductivity in migmatite, granite, and gneiss, showed positive correlations in descending order as: granite (0.3778), migmatite (0.1057), and gneiss (0.0641).