EXPLORING NDVI AND NDBI RELATIONSHIP USING LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS IN KHANGARH TALUKA, GHOTKI
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Shoukat Ali Shah, Madeeha Kiran, Aleena Nazir, Shaharyar Hassan Ashrafani
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Built-up is one of the most significant type of land use-cover linked with urbanization. Computing, classifying, and mapping the built-up areas by Landsat image, is on priority demand for municipal and policymakers to investigate urban extension. Thus, increasing population and conversion of agricultural land into urban is a major topic understanding the bond between both types of land use. In the context of this, this study investigates the relationship between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference Built-up Index (NDBI) in Khangarh taluka. Therefore, satellite images of Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2021 were downloaded freely from the USGS-GloVIS Earth Explorer website. The images were processed in the ArcGIS 10.3 environment. NDVI was calculated using the Near-Infrared NIR (band 5), Red (band 4) and for NDBI, Middle Infrared Reflectance MIR (band 6) and NIR (band 5) was used following the equation of both indices. The calculated values were then exported in SPSS software for correlation determination and scatter plot development. The results from the case showed that there was a linear and negative correlation between vegetation index and built-up index in all years over the study area. Furthermore, in 2014 the coefficient of correlation explicated R2=0.96; in 2016 R2=0.23, in 2018 R2=0.34, and in 2021 R2=0.22 which indicated that NDBI could be used to illustrate the evaluation of urban construction land. The all-over study recommends that built-up index NDBI not only can be used as a significant indicator for built-up or urban areas estimation but also deliver a consistent source for urban development and planning.